Natural gas provides heat to more Pennsylvania homes than any other fuel. Pennsylvania has historically depended on interstate pipelines from the Gulf Coast to supply natural gas, but Marcellus Shale production now allows the state to meet its own demand.
Pennsylvania is one of the nation's top electricity-generating states, typically second only to Texas. Net electricity production regularly exceeds in-state consumption, and the state is an important supplier to the northeast region.
The mining sector—including petroleum, natural gas and coal extraction—was the state's fastest-growing economic sector between 2003 and 2013, with a compound annual growth rate of 20.5%.
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net energy Production trillion btu
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Gasoline Tax total state + federal, 2014
Requires 18% of electricity sold by 2020 come from approved renewable or alternative sources.
Requires the use of reformulated gasoline blended with ethanol in the heavily populated areas of southeastern Pennsylvania, including Philadelphia. Requires motorists in Pittsburgh to use a low-vapor-pressure motor gasoline blend in the summer.
Requires permits and surety bonds for oil and gas well drilling. Permits fees for normal drilling begin at $250 and increase for deeper wells. Permits for unconventional wells begin at $4,200. Surety bonds begin at $4,000 per well and increase for deeper wells.
Electricity net production, trillion btu